2 p.m. All lectures are presented at the Bernalillo Town Council Chambers.
Note: This is a New Location for our Lectures.
The Bernalillo Town Council Chambers is located on Camino del Pueblo in Bernalillo, NM.
Lectures are not being presented in person.
Use the links below to enjoy each live or recorded program online.
2020 LECTURE SEASON
Enjoy our winter docent lecture programs by clicking each link. The summer and fall, 2020 lectures are shared at the bottom of this page.
Histories that Defy Expectations
Thursday, November 12, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
Lesser Known and Unexpected Conquistadors
Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro are well known for their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires. However, the exploits of these men did not occur in a vacuum. Many other conquistadors came before and after them. They included the Portuguese Afonso de Albuquerque in India and the Native American Ixtlilxochitl II in Central America. This presentation will explore some of these lesser known conquistadors and the impacts of their conquests on the early modern era.
Link to recorded program: Conquistadores
New Mexico in the Twentieth Century
Thursday, December 3, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
Coronado, Onate, and the Mixton War, 1540 - 1542
The Mixton War, which occurred between 1540 and 1542, was a rebellion by Native American peoples against the Spanish. It was a brutal war fought on the fringes of what was then northwest New Spain. Few New Mexicans have ever heard of it. Yet, the figures of the war and the events that occurred leading up to it, during it, and in its immediate aftermath factor very heavily in New Mexico’s history. This presentation explores the war in-depth.
Thursday, December 17, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
Urban Archaeology in the Capitol Complex Historic Neighborhood
The Prohibition and Great Depression Eras represent a fascinating point in United States history. Recent archaeological investigations into the Capitol Complex Historic Neighborhood of Santa Fe, New Mexico examined the lives of New Mexico families living at eleven different structures during this period. Cultural materials collected from these investigations were utilized to examine ethnic, socioeconomic, contextual, and temporal differences in consumption and discard patterns among residents of the individual structures and how these differences (or similarities) characterized the neighborhood as a whole.
Tuesday, December 31, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
New Mexico Central Railway
The New Mexico Central Railway, affectionately known to many as the “Bean Line,” was founded as the Santa Fe, Albuquerque, and Pacific Railroad in 1900 and was in operation until 1926. Success of the railway was tied to agriculture in the Estancia Basin and to markets in Santa Fe, El Paso, and beyond. Recent archaeological investigations in Santa Fe, the northernmost stop for the New Mexico Central Railway, have unearthed much of the infrastructure which once serviced the line. Examining these archaeological phenomena provides evidence as to the speculative nature of the enterprise and the lack of capital investment which ultimately led to its demise.
Early Modern Warfare
Thursday, January 14, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
Era of Pike & Shot
Military historians often characterize the 16th and 17th centuries as the “Era of Pike and Shot.” The Spanish were the first to introduce to the battlefield a mixed formation of arquebusiers and pikemen during the Italian Wars. The Dutch and Swedes would go on to perfect this formula until wide-scale adoption of the flintlock musket and bayonet by French and German armies in the late 1600s ushered the era to a close. This presentation will look at the military developments and conflicts which characterized the period.
Thursday, January 28, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM
Gunpowder Empires: Islam in the 16th and 17th Centuries
The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires are often collectively referred to as the “Gunpowder Empires.” These three Islamic states rose to prominence in the 16th and 17th centuries. Their armies were able to conquer large swaths of the Old World, uniting culturally diverse populations under large centralized bureaucracies. In doing so, the “Gunpowder Empires” set the stage for later developments in the Middle East, Balkans, and Indian Subcontinent. This lecture provides a brief overview of these three Islamic states.
Link to Join Each Zoom Meeting.
Use this password: eWVVWnlobWtjaEhReU16NUFOSTZhZz09
Meeting ID: 849 0447 5713
Dial in to join with voice only.
+1 669 900 6833 US (San Jose)
+1 253 215 8782 US (Tacoma)
The following programs were offered during the summer and fall, 2020.
Our autumn program begins with three lectures on the US Army in the West, then Matt will present a special pre-Indigenous Peoples/Columbus Day talk, concluding the series with a Halloween Spooktacular. The presentations are given on Thursday every two weeks beginning on August 20, 2020 at 3:30 p.m. (15:30) Mountain Time (US and Canada). If you miss the live program, a link will be installed following each program
to watch the recorded lecture at your convenience.
Click this link to join each Zoom Meeting: 2020COROprograms
USE: Password: 345466 and ID: 899 8766 8807
Thursday, August 20 at 3:30 pm
THE US ARMY IN THE WEST-part 1:
That Sink of Vice and Extravagance
Established with the conquest of Santa Fe by General Stephen Watts Kearny on August 18, 1846, the Fort Marcy Military Reservation served as the military and administrative center for the Territory of New Mexico throughout much of the nineteenth century. Situated at the junction of three major trade networks—El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, the Old Spanish Trail, and the Santa Fe Trail—Fort Marcy transformed a preexisting dilapidated Spanish- and Mexican-periods presidio into a symbol of a burgeoning imperial power. The military
post would go on to play an important role in numerous conflicts, including various
campaigns against the Navajo, the Taos Revolt of 1847, the American Civil War, and the
Spanish American War. Link to recorded lecture: Sink of Vice
Excavations conducted in recent years throughout downtown Santa Fe have revealed a
plethora of archaeological finds associated with the military reservation, such as
foundations associated with the fort’s structures, plumbing/ sewage systems, and pits
filled with kitchen and domestic refuse. Portable artifacts collected in association with
these features consist primarily of imported items such as European and Oriental porcelains, rubber combs, children’s toys, medicinal products, and lots and lots of liquor bottles. In conjunction with archival research, these materials have begun to paint a detailed picture of life at the military reservation and for Santa Fe as a whole. Fort Marcy emerges not simply as a base from which war was conducted, but a testament to changes in regional trade networks brought by United States control of the American Southwest.
Thursday, September 3 at 3:30 pm
THE US ARMY IN THE WEST-part 2:
Battle of Glorieta Pass Confederate Mass Grave, 1862
The Battle of Glorieta Pass is referred to by many as the “Gettysburg of the
West.” Following early victories by a Confederate Army attempting to
conquer New Mexico Territory, the battle represented a turning point in
the war. Destruction of the Confederate supply train by Union forces led to
the retreat of the Confederate Army south, never to threaten Union
supremacy in the American West again. In 1987 while building his house, a New Mexico resident unearthed a Confederate mass grave associated with the battle. This presentation examines the archaeological and forensic findings associated with the soldiers buried therein. Link to recorded lecture: Glorieta Pass
Thursday, September 17 at 3:30 pm
THE US ARMY IN THE WEST-part 3:
Fort Sumner and the Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, 1862 - 1869
Fort Sumner was established in 1862 to enforce the confinement of rebellious
Indian populations at the newly minted Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, on
the Pecos River. Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson brought approximately 400
Mescalero Apaches and 7,000 Navajo people to Bosque Redondo. However,
widespread pneumonia and dysentery resulted in the death of roughly a quarter
of the population. In November 1865, the Mescalero fled the reservation, but the
Navajos remained until permitted to return home under the terms of the Treaty
of Bosque Redondo in June 1868. Deemed an absolute failure, the post was
abandoned by the US Army in 1869. This is the tale of one of America’s most notorious concentration camps.
Link to recorded lecture: Fort Sumner
Thursday, October 1 at 3:30 pm
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES/COLUMBUS DAY:
First Contact: The Taino & Their Legacy
The Taino of the Caribbean were the first Native American people to
encounter Spanish explorers. Historical accounts and the archaeological
record indicate a dynamic culture rich with artistic and religious expression
and ideally suited for life among the islands. This lecture will provide an
overview of the Taino, examine their acts of accommodation and resistance
to colonization, and explore how their legacy has-and continues-to influence
peoples and cultures around the world.
Link to recorded lecture: First Contact
Thursday, October 15 at 3:30 pm
The Era of Late Antiquity
Late Antiquity is a term used to characterize Europe, the Mediterranean, and Near East
between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. This era was a time of profound cultural, political,
military, and religious change as old empires evolved and new ethnic groups emerged to
reshape the historical narrative. The lecture will provide a broad overview of the period
examining the decline of the Roman Empire and the rise of Islam.
How to join the Zoom meeting: Click on the URL below and follow the prompts to join the meeting. You may join with or without your video activated. If you choose “no video” your picture will not be displayed. The lecture will be recorded for posting on the website.
Thursday, October 29 at 3:30 pm
THE HOLLOWEEN SPOOKTACULAR:
Vikings & Vampires: The Founding of the Polish State, AD 900 - 1100
The founding of the Polish State is surrounded in legend and mystery. Arising
from the Dark Ages of Europe, the state had its origins in the Wielkopolska
Region of Western Poland. It effectively combined Slavic, Nordic, and
Teutonic cultures to form one of the largest and most powerful kingdoms in
Europe during the reign of Boleslaw I Chrobry in the late tenth and early
eleventh centuries. Told through folklore, history, and archaeology, this presentation examines the
rise of the Poles from their agrarian beginnings to their far-reaching military
campaigns in England and Russia.
Recorded Program Link: Holloween
Presented by Matthew Barbour,
Central Region Manager for Coronado and Jemez Historic Sites
An Archaeological Perspective of Hunting in New Mexico
Hunting has always played a pivotal role in Native American subsistence and culture. While much is made of the mega-fauna hunters of the Paleo-Indian Period, later agriculturalists created their own specialized hunting practices. This presentation explores the archaeology and history of hunting in New Mexico from the arrival of hunters and gatherers to the twenty-first century.
Link to drop box program: Hunting
Corn and Cotton: Archaic Life along Mimbres River
In 2011, the Office of Archaeological Studies conducted data recovery on an archaeological site along the Mimbres River, just north of Deming, New Mexico. These efforts resulted in the documentation of 25 features and the collection of 2,091 artifacts and samples. Analytical results suggest that principal occupation of the site occurred during the Late Archaic/Early Agricultural Period with an emphasis on corn and cotton production. This presentation will provide a brief overview of the archaeological investigations while substantiating and improving our knowledge of early human habitation in the Mimbres Basin.
To watch this program use this link: Corn and Cotton
History of Jemez Province
Located along the southern flanks of the Jemez Mountains, the Hemish of Jemez Pueblo have always represented a distinct cultural group among the Pueblo peoples of the Rio Grande. Unlike their Keres neighbors who congregated in large farming communities along major rivers and produced distinct polychrome pottery, the Hemish historically lived in much more dispersed settlements high atop forested mesas and away from permanent water sources. They relied heavily on rainfall to sustain their agriculture and continued the manufacture of black on white pottery long after the practice was abandoned by other Puebloan groups. This presentation explores the unique history of the Hemish from their migration into the region in the 1200s to the present day.
To see this recording: Jemez Province
Agricultural Ingenuity & Expertise of the Jemez People
The Jemez Mountains with its forested slopes, narrow valleys, and rocky crags appear at first glance unsuitable for cultivation. Yet, some of the earliest evidence of maize (corn) in New Mexico is found there and a Spanish account from 1583 estimates that this rugged terrain may have produced an agricultural yield large enough to support a population of as many as 30,000 people. All Pueblo Peoples were masterful farmers, but the agricultural practices of the Jemez People are nothing short of extraordinary. This presentation will examine agriculture in the Jemez Mountains from its beginnings in the Archaic Period to its collapse in the eighteenth century.
Click this link to open the program: Agricultural Ingenuity
Religion and Rebellion in 17th Century New Mexico
The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 did not occur in a vacuum. It represents the nexus in a broader century of religious and political conflict between the Spanish and Native Americans in New Mexico. This presentation will discuss the arrival of the Franciscan missionaries and the impacts Catholicism had on Pueblo culture resulting in both conflict and accommodation. Underlying these interactions is a lesson of tolerance, which remains relevant to this day.
Use this link to watch the recording: Religion and Rebellion
The Portuguese Empire 1415 – 1668
By Matthew J. Barbour
To watch the lecture click this link. Portuguese Empire
"A Social Diagnosis and Prognosis for COVID-19"
with James A. Trostle
In this online salon, James A. Trostle, the
Scott M. Johnson ’97 Distinguished
Professor of Anthropology, Trinity
College (Hartford, CT) and SAR
consider the social dimensions of
COVID-19 and their relationship to the pandemic’s epidemiological characteristics. Among the issues he discusses are the pandemic’s likely long-term social effects and changing attitudes toward the risk of infection.
Use this link to open his program: Diagnosis-Prognosis
Use this link to access and download Dr. Trostle's handout. Trostle Handout
Si Eres Genízaro: Race, Indigeneity, and Belonging in Northern New Mexico
with Dr. Gregorio Gonzales, Courtesy of Mr. Gonzales and SAR (School of Advanced Research)
In this presentation, Gregorio Gonzales examines the politics of racialization, representation, and subject formation in northern New Mexico and the U.S. Southwest Borderlands through an anthropological study of Genízaro identity in the Chama and Taos valleys.
Gregorio Gonzales is Genízaro and Comanche from the borderlands of Comanchería and Genízaro country in northern New Mexico. He is currently the 2019-2020 Riley Scholar-in-Residence in Anthropology and Southwest Studies at Colorado College.
Use this link to open his program: Genizaro