2 p.m.  All lectures are presented at the Bernalillo Town Council Chambers.


Note: This is a New Location for our Lectures.


The Bernalillo Town Council Chambers is located on Camino del Pueblo in Bernalillo, NM. 

Lectures are not being presented in person.

Use the links below to enjoy each live or recorded program online.

Links to more programs: 

New Mexico Archaeology      KUAUA Archaeology      Pueblo Culture      Rock Art

Enjoy our winter/spring docent lecture programs by clicking each link. 

The 2020-summer/fall, lectures are shared at the bottom of this page.


From Jinete to Soldado de Cuera:
Spanish Light Cavalry in the Medieval & Early Modern Periods, AD 711 to 1848

Thursday April 8th Zoom, 3:30 PM

Presented by Mathew Barbour 

The Islamic Conquest of the Iberian Peninsula demonstrated the effectiveness of Berber light cavalry. The Latin Kingdoms of Aragon, Castile and Portugal all copied these troops which they

labeled “jinetes.” The “jinetes” proved pivotal in the Reconquista and were

exported to the New World. On the frontier of Northern New Spain, they would

continue to evolve into the iconic “soldado de cuera” that challenged Native

Americans, and later the United States Government, for control of the American



This presentation will examine the Spanish light cavalry tradition from the

Umayyad Invasion of Spain in 711 to the end of the Mexican American War in 1848.

Join Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 899 1728 4801
Passcode: 127865


"Kuaua in Context: The Architecture of John Gaw Meem in New Mexico"


Time: Sunday April 11, 2021, 2:00PM Mountain Time (US and Canada)  (Note Sunday Change!)


Join Rachel Preston Prinz for her talk on the architecture of John Gaw Meem.
Rachel has researched Alexander Girard's work for Meem-led contemporary designs at St. Johns College and the International Museum of Folk Art. She is a researcher of the Santa Fe Style (whose codification effort was led by Meem),and is currently researching aspects of Meem's spiritual architecture in preparation for her upcoming book “The Spirit Seeker's Guide to New Mexico Architecture”.
In this talk, Rachel will discuss Meem's work and influence in New Mexico, including the design of the Coronado Historic Site’s Visitor Center.


Meeting ID:  811 5898 6905
Passcode: 929838
One tap mobile:
+12532158782,,81158986905#,,,,*929838# US (Tacoma) 
+13462487799,,81158986905#,,,,*929838# US (Houston) 

Dial by your location:       
 +1 253 215 8782 US (Tacoma) 
 +1 346 248 7799 US (Houston)
Any questions please contact Sherry at Hardagesa@gmail.com

Rachel Preston Prinz is an architectural historian and educator whose practice, The Ministry of Architecture, is based in Santa Fe. Rachel has documented more than 600 historic buildings across New Mexico and produced two documentaries about the architecture of Acoma and Bandelier. Rachel regularly writes, teaches, and speaks about New Mexico’s regional architecture, and New Mexico’s thousand-year tradition of sustainable design. 


With Fire and Sword:
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, AD 1569 – 1795

Thursday April 22nd Zoom, 3:30 PM

Presented by Mathew Barbour 

While officially established under the Union of Lublin in 1569, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had its roots in the marriage of Queen Jadwiga of Poland to King Wladyslaw Jagiello of Lithuania in 1386.
The ceremony tied the Crown of Poland to the rulers of Lithuania and converted the
Lithuanian Nobility to Christianity. “With fire and sword,” the two nations marched across
Eastern Europe crushing Cossack, Teutonic Knight, and Turk to create a vast empire.
Explore this multi-ethnic and religiously tolerant nation from its inception to demise.

Join Zoom Meeting

Meeting ID: 899 1728 4801
Passcode: 127865


February Program: 
Native American Conquistadors:
The Mesoamerican Conquest of the New World  
Thursday, February 11, Zoom, 3:30 PM

Presented by Mathew Barbour 

Mesoamerican cultures at the time of the arrival of the Spanish were incredibly advanced. Their military institutions consisted not only of peasant conscripts, but of a professional warrior class. The Spaniards realized this immediately and utilized these forces to great effect in their subjugations of Native Americans throughout the New World. This lecture will explore the role of Mesoamerican Indians in the Spanish colonial enterprise of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Use this link to watch the program:  NA_Conquistadors

Fascinating Finds: Seven Bizarre and Extraordinarily Informative Artifacts found behind the Palace of the Governors  
Thursday, February 25, Zoom, 3:30 PM

Presented by Mathew Barbour

Between 2002 and 2004, the Office of Archaeological Studies performed excavations behind Santa Fe’s Palace of the Governors in preparation for the construction of the New Mexico History Museum. This project recovered over 700,000 artifacts, each with a story to tell. Yet, some of these items are -by their very nature- more fascinating than others. Objects, such as an Aztec bowl with the power to cure acne and the slag-lined cupel from Battersea Works in England, have the potential to shed light on lesser known aspects of New Mexico’s often sordid and colorful past.  This presentation will examine seven of the most bizarre artifacts found during the archaeological excavations and the history behind their use and disposal at the Palace of the Governors. 

Use this link to watch the program:  7_Fascinating_Finds

January Theme:
Early Modern Warfare​


Thursday, January 14, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM

Era of Pike & Shot

Military historians often characterize the 16th and 17th centuries as the “Era of Pike and Shot.” The Spanish were the first to introduce to the battlefield a mixed formation of arquebusiers and pikemen during the Italian Wars. The Dutch and Swedes would go on to perfect this formula until wide-scale adoption of the flintlock musket and bayonet by French and German armies in the late 1600s ushered the era to a close. This presentation will look at the military developments and conflicts which characterized the period. 


Thursday, January 28, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM​

Gunpowder Empires: Islam in the 16th and 17th Centuries

The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires are often collectively referred to as the “Gunpowder Empires.” These three Islamic states rose to prominence in the 16th and 17th centuries. Their armies were able to conquer large swaths of the Old World, uniting culturally diverse populations under large centralized bureaucracies. In doing so, the “Gunpowder Empires” set the stage for later developments in the Middle East, Balkans, and Indian Subcontinent. This lecture provides a brief overview of these three Islamic states. 

December Theme: 
New Mexico in the Twentieth Century


Thursday, December 3, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM​

Coronado, Onate, and the Mixton War, 1540 - 1542

The Mixton War, which occurred between 1540 and 1542, was a rebellion by Native American peoples against the Spanish. It was a brutal war fought on the fringes of what was then northwest New Spain. Few New Mexicans have ever heard of it. Yet, the figures of the war and the events that occurred leading up to it, during it, and in its immediate aftermath factor very heavily in New Mexico’s history. This presentation explores the war in-depth.

Link to recorded program:  Mixton War


Thursday, December 17, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM

Urban Archaeology in the Capitol Complex Historic Neighborhood

The Prohibition and Great Depression Eras represent a fascinating point in United States history. Recent archaeological investigations into the Capitol Complex Historic Neighborhood of Santa Fe, New Mexico examined the lives of New Mexico families living at eleven different structures during this period. Cultural materials collected from these investigations were utilized to examine ethnic, socioeconomic, contextual, and temporal differences in consumption and discard patterns among residents of the individual structures and how these differences (or similarities) characterized the neighborhood as a whole.


Tuesday, December 31, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM​

New Mexico Central Railway

The New Mexico Central Railway, affectionately known to many as the “Bean Line,” was founded as the Santa Fe, Albuquerque, and Pacific Railroad in 1900 and was in operation until 1926. Success of the railway was tied to agriculture in the Estancia Basin and to markets in Santa Fe, El Paso, and beyond. Recent archaeological investigations in Santa Fe, the northernmost stop for the New Mexico Central Railway, have unearthed much of the infrastructure which once serviced the line. Examining these archaeological phenomena provides evidence as to the speculative nature of the enterprise and the lack of capital investment which ultimately led to its demise.

November Theme: 
Histories that Defy Expectations


Thursday, November 12, Zoom, 3:30 - 4:30PM

 Lesser Known and Unexpected Conquistadors

Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro are well known for their conquests of the Aztec and Inca Empires. However, the exploits of these men did not occur in a vacuum. Many other conquistadors came before and after them. They included the Portuguese Afonso de Albuquerque in India and the Native American Ixtlilxochitl II in Central America. This presentation will explore some of these lesser known conquistadors and the impacts of their conquests on the early modern era. 

Link to recorded program:  Conquistadores

The following programs were offered during the summer and fall, 2020.

Presented by Matthew Barbour,

Central Region Manager for Coronado and Jemez Historic Sites

Our autumn program begins with three lectures on the US Army in the West, then Matt will present a special pre-Indigenous Peoples/Columbus Day talk, concluding the series with a Halloween Spooktacular.  The presentations are given on Thursday every two weeks beginning on August 20, 2020 at 3:30 p.m. (15:30) Mountain Time (US and Canada).  If you miss the live program, a link will be installed following each program 

to watch the recorded lecture at your convenience.  

Click this link to join each Zoom Meeting:  2020COROprograms

USE:  Password: 345466  and ID: 899 8766 8807 




Thursday, August 20 at 3:30 pm


That Sink of Vice and Extravagance

Established with the conquest of Santa Fe by General Stephen Watts Kearny on August 18, 1846, the Fort Marcy Military Reservation served as the military and administrative center for the Territory of New Mexico throughout much of the nineteenth century. Situated at the junction of three major trade networks—El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, the Old Spanish Trail, and the Santa Fe Trail—Fort Marcy transformed a preexisting dilapidated Spanish- and Mexican-periods presidio into a symbol of a burgeoning imperial power. The military

post would go on to play an important role in numerous conflicts, including various

campaigns against the Navajo, the Taos Revolt of 1847, the American Civil War, and the

Spanish American War. >Link to recorded lecture:  Sink of Vice

Excavations conducted in recent years throughout downtown Santa Fe have revealed a

plethora of archaeological finds associated with the military reservation, such as

foundations associated with the fort’s structures, plumbing/ sewage systems, and pits

filled with kitchen and domestic refuse. Portable artifacts collected in association with

these features consist primarily of imported items such as European and Oriental porcelains, rubber combs, children’s toys, medicinal products, and lots and lots of liquor bottles. In conjunction with archival research, these materials have begun to paint a detailed picture of life at the military reservation and for Santa Fe as a whole. Fort Marcy emerges not simply as a base from which war was conducted, but a testament to changes in regional trade networks brought by United States control of the American Southwest.


Thursday, September 3 at 3:30 pm


Battle of Glorieta Pass Confederate Mass Grave, 1862

The Battle of Glorieta Pass is referred to by many as the “Gettysburg of the

West.” Following early victories by a Confederate Army attempting to

conquer New Mexico Territory, the battle represented a turning point in

the war. Destruction of the Confederate supply train by Union forces led to

the retreat of the Confederate Army south, never to threaten Union

supremacy in the American West again. In 1987 while building his house, a New Mexico resident unearthed a Confederate mass grave associated with the battle. This presentation examines the archaeological and forensic findings associated with the soldiers buried therein.   Link to recorded lecture:  Glorieta Pass


Thursday, September 17 at 3:30 pm


Fort Sumner and the Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, 1862 - 1869

Fort Sumner was established in 1862 to enforce the confinement of rebellious

Indian populations at the newly minted Bosque Redondo Indian Reservation, on

the Pecos River. Colonel Christopher “Kit” Carson brought approximately 400

Mescalero Apaches and 7,000 Navajo people to Bosque Redondo. However,

widespread pneumonia and dysentery resulted in the death of roughly a quarter

of the population. In November 1865, the Mescalero fled the reservation, but the

Navajos remained until permitted to return home under the terms of the Treaty

of Bosque Redondo in June 1868. Deemed an absolute failure, the post was

abandoned by the US Army in 1869. This is the tale of one of America’s most notorious concentration camps.

Link to recorded lecture:  Fort Sumner


Thursday, October 1 at 3:30 pm


First Contact: The Taino & Their Legacy

The Taino of the Caribbean were the first Native American people to

encounter Spanish explorers. Historical accounts and the archaeological

record indicate a dynamic culture rich with artistic and religious expression

and ideally suited for life among the islands. This lecture will provide an

overview of the Taino, examine their acts of accommodation and resistance

to colonization, and explore how their legacy has-and continues-to influence

peoples and cultures around the world.

Link to recorded lecture:  First Contact

Thursday, October 15 at 3:30 pm

The Era of Late Antiquity

Late Antiquity is a term used to characterize Europe, the Mediterranean, and Near East

 between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. This era was a time of profound cultural, political, 

military, and religious change as old empires evolved and new ethnic groups emerged to

reshape the historical narrative. The lecture will provide a broad overview of the period

examining the decline of the Roman Empire and the rise of Islam. 

How to join the Zoom meeting:  Click on the URL below and follow the prompts to join the meeting.  You may join with or without your video activated.  If you choose “no video” your picture will not be displayed.  The lecture will be recorded for posting on the website.


Thursday, October 29 at 3:30 pm


Vikings & Vampires: The Founding of the Polish State, AD 900 - 1100

The founding of the Polish State is surrounded in legend and mystery. Arising

from the Dark Ages of Europe, the state had its origins in the Wielkopolska

Region of Western Poland. It effectively combined Slavic, Nordic, and

Teutonic cultures to form one of the largest and most powerful kingdoms in

Europe during the reign of Boleslaw I Chrobry in the late tenth and early

eleventh centuries. Told through folklore, history, and archaeology, this presentation examines the

rise of the Poles from their agrarian beginnings to their far-reaching military

campaigns in England and Russia.

Recorded Program Link:  Holloween


An Archaeological Perspective of Hunting in New Mexico

Hunting has always played a pivotal role in Native American subsistence and culture.  While much is made of the mega-fauna hunters of the Paleo-Indian Period, later agriculturalists created their own specialized hunting practices. This presentation explores the archaeology and history of hunting in New Mexico from the arrival of hunters and gatherers to the twenty-first century. 

Link to drop box program:     Hunting

Corn and Cotton: Archaic Life along Mimbres River

In 2011, the Office of Archaeological Studies conducted data recovery on an archaeological site along the Mimbres River, just north of Deming, New Mexico. These efforts resulted in the documentation of 25 features and the collection of 2,091 artifacts and samples. Analytical results suggest that principal occupation of the site occurred during the Late Archaic/Early Agricultural Period with an emphasis on corn and cotton production. This presentation will provide a brief overview of the archaeological investigations while substantiating and improving our knowledge of early human habitation in the Mimbres Basin.

To watch this program use this link:  Corn and Cotton

History of Jemez Province

Located along the southern flanks of the Jemez Mountains, the Hemish of Jemez Pueblo have always represented a distinct cultural group among the Pueblo peoples of the Rio Grande. Unlike their Keres neighbors who congregated in large farming communities along major rivers and produced distinct polychrome pottery, the Hemish historically lived in much more dispersed settlements high atop forested mesas and away from permanent water sources. They relied heavily on rainfall to sustain their agriculture and continued the manufacture of black on white pottery long after the practice was abandoned by other Puebloan groups. This presentation explores the unique history of the Hemish from their migration into the region in the 1200s to the present day.

To see this recording:  Jemez Province

Agricultural Ingenuity & Expertise of the Jemez People

The Jemez Mountains with its forested slopes, narrow valleys, and rocky crags appear at first glance unsuitable for cultivation. Yet, some of the earliest evidence of maize (corn) in New Mexico is found there and a Spanish account from 1583 estimates that this rugged terrain may have produced an agricultural yield large enough to support a population of as many as 30,000 people. All Pueblo Peoples were masterful farmers, but the agricultural practices of the Jemez People are nothing short of extraordinary. This presentation will examine agriculture in the Jemez Mountains from its beginnings in the Archaic Period to its collapse in the eighteenth century.

>Click this link to open the program:  Agricultural Ingenuity

Religion and Rebellion in 17th Century New Mexico

The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 did not occur in a vacuum. It represents the nexus in a broader century of religious and political conflict between the Spanish and Native Americans in New Mexico. This presentation will discuss the arrival of the Franciscan missionaries and the impacts Catholicism had on Pueblo culture resulting in both conflict and accommodation. Underlying these interactions is a lesson of tolerance, which remains relevant to this day.

Use this link to watch the recording:  Religion and Rebellion

The Portuguese Empire 1415 – 1668

By Matthew J. Barbour   

To watch the lecture click this link.  Portuguese Empire


"A Social Diagnosis and Prognosis for COVID-19" 

with James A. Trostle

In this online salon, James A. Trostle, the

Scott M. Johnson ’97 Distinguished

Professor of Anthropology, Trinity

College (Hartford, CT) and SAR

Weatherhead Resident Scholar, will

consider the social dimensions of

COVID-19 and their relationship to the pandemic’s epidemiological characteristics. Among the issues he discusses are the pandemic’s likely long-term social effects and changing attitudes toward the risk of infection.

Use this link to open his program:  Diagnosis-Prognosis 

Use this link to access and download Dr. Trostle's handout.  Trostle Handout 


Si Eres Genízaro: Race, Indigeneity, and Belonging in Northern New Mexico 

with Dr. Gregorio Gonzales, Courtesy of Mr. Gonzales and SAR (School of Advanced Research)

In this presentation, Gregorio Gonzales examines the politics of racialization, representation, and subject formation in northern New Mexico and the U.S. Southwest Borderlands through an anthropological study of Genízaro identity in the Chama and Taos valleys.

Gregorio Gonzales is Genízaro and Comanche from the borderlands of Comanchería and Genízaro country in northern New Mexico. He is currently the 2019-2020 Riley Scholar-in-Residence in Anthropology and Southwest Studies at Colorado College.

Use this link to open his program:  Genizaro